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Poverty Alleviation Through “Planning for Households and Responsibility to Individuals”

Poverty Alleviation Through “Planning for Households and Responsibility to Individuals”

Cover and Title Page Catalogue and Summary Main Body

Title : Poverty Alleviation Through “Planning for Households and Responsibility to Individuals”

Commencement Date : Thu Jan 01 2009--Sat Dec 01 2012

Implementing Agencies : Provincial Poverty Alleviation Office & Provincial Organization Dept

Support Organizations : Qingyuan City Poverty Alleviation Office and other government departments, Liannan County Poverty Alleviation Office and other government departments

Actuator : government officials

Members of The : Members of Poverty Alleviation Office & Provincial Organization Depts

Contact :

CASE PROVIDER :

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Sources of Funds :

Catalogue and Index :

Abstract Summary :

Background : 1Basic information of Guangdong 2 Basic information of relevant departments Issue : 1Inadequate risk response, difficult to ensure the sustainability of poverty reduction 2Lack of social resources mobilization, high government finance cost 3Lack of exit mechanism for dynamic management of poverty Course and Plan of Action : 3.1Main practices of Guangdong Provincial Government 3.2 Main practices of Qingyuan City Government 3.3 Main practices of village-stationed working team Process of Action : Main Practices Results of action: 1Lifted all farmers of Sanpai Village out of poverty 2A significant increase in per capita net income and collective income of poor villages 3A significant deline in the province’s regional development coefficient of variation Government-led, multi-stakeholder involvement The great success of the anti-poverty work of Sanpai Village is inseparable with the government leadership and the public participation. The Provincial Party Committee and Government and the Provincial Poverty Alleviation Office made the overall deployments. Fixed-point poverty alleviation, determine support units Guangdong Province mobilized some competitive provincial, city and county organs, enterprises and institutions to provide counterpart support for the poor villages and achieve resource complementarity, laying a foundation for precise poverty alleviation. Focus on “blood-making” poverty alleviation to enhance farmers’ self-development capacity Adhering to the principle of measure adjustment based on actual situation and classified guidance, Guangdong Province implemented the policy of "one strategy for one village and one method for one household", formulated the targeted anti-poverty measures for specific households, developed programs and annual plan for each village, strived to address outstanding problems in the poverty reduction of impoverished villages and households and achieved good results in the anti-poverty work. Focus on “planning” for accurate poverty alleviation In Guangdong’s “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation, through establishing the accurate targeting mechanism, the relevant units carried out household survey, carefully verified the situation of poor households on the basis of making clear the causes of poverty and the wishes of the poor for poverty reduction, created informatization management files and aid work files for 367,000 impoverished households and 1.586 million poor people. Focus on “assessment” with responsibilities assigned to individuals The province established the monitoring mechanism for the assessment of “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation work. Taking the “Shuangdao” work as the “Top Leader” project, governments at all levels of the province all arranged the main leaders to take charge of the work. Focus on accountability, with clear rewards and punishments The province established strict accountability measures and all the principals and leaders who are proven unqualified for the work will be blamed and bear relevant responsibility. The rigorous evaluation system and accountability mechanism have brought heavy pressure on the local governments and relevant departments. Focus on long-term effect, establish a long-term poverty alleviation mechanism Guangdong Province vigorously promoted the long-term institutionalized construction of the Shuangdao work for poverty alleviation and development. Focus on advocacy, mobilize the whole society to participate Every year, on different occasions, such as the congress of party representatives, the NPC and the CPPCC, Guangdong provincial government carries out a series of activities to make propagandas on “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation jointly with Nanfang Daily and Guangdong TV, and it has organized CCTV, Xinhua News Agency, People's Daily and other central and provincial major media to report the “Shuangdao” work of Guangdong Province for more than 500 times. Set up “Guangdong Poverty Alleviation Day” and raise social capital Approved by the State Council, Guangdong Province made June 30 the “Guangdong Poverty Alleviation Day” starting from 2010. Taking it as the platform, it gave different themes on the poverty alleviation day in 2010, 2011 and 2012, and raised 3 billion yuan, 3.218 billion yuan and 2.8 billion yuan respectively (a total of more than 9 billion yuan) to promote the Shuangdao work, creating a good atmosphere for the whole society to help the poor.
Background : 1Basic information of Guangdong 2 Basic information of relevant departments Issue : 1Inadequate risk response, difficult to ensure the sustainability of poverty reduction 2Lack of social resources mobilization, high government finance cost 3Lack of exit mechanism for dynamic management of poverty Course and Plan of Action : 3.1Main practices of Guangdong Provincial Government 3.2 Main practices of Qingyuan City Government 3.3 Main practices of village-stationed working team Process of Action : Main Practices Results of action: 1Lifted all farmers of Sanpai Village out of poverty 2A significant increase in per capita net income and collective income of poor villages 3A significant deline in the province’s regional development coefficient of variation Government-led, multi-stakeholder involvement The great success of the anti-poverty work of Sanpai Village is inseparable with the government leadership and the public participation. The Provincial Party Committee and Government and the Provincial Poverty Alleviation Office made the overall deployments. Fixed-point poverty alleviation, determine support units Guangdong Province mobilized some competitive provincial, city and county organs, enterprises and institutions to provide counterpart support for the poor villages and achieve resource complementarity, laying a foundation for precise poverty alleviation. Focus on “blood-making” poverty alleviation to enhance farmers’ self-development capacity Adhering to the principle of measure adjustment based on actual situation and classified guidance, Guangdong Province implemented the policy of "one strategy for one village and one method for one household", formulated the targeted anti-poverty measures for specific households, developed programs and annual plan for each village, strived to address outstanding problems in the poverty reduction of impoverished villages and households and achieved good results in the anti-poverty work. Focus on “planning” for accurate poverty alleviation In Guangdong’s “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation, through establishing the accurate targeting mechanism, the relevant units carried out household survey, carefully verified the situation of poor households on the basis of making clear the causes of poverty and the wishes of the poor for poverty reduction, created informatization management files and aid work files for 367,000 impoverished households and 1.586 million poor people. Focus on “assessment” with responsibilities assigned to individuals The province established the monitoring mechanism for the assessment of “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation work. Taking the “Shuangdao” work as the “Top Leader” project, governments at all levels of the province all arranged the main leaders to take charge of the work. Focus on accountability, with clear rewards and punishments The province established strict accountability measures and all the principals and leaders who are proven unqualified for the work will be blamed and bear relevant responsibility. The rigorous evaluation system and accountability mechanism have brought heavy pressure on the local governments and relevant departments. Focus on long-term effect, establish a long-term poverty alleviation mechanism Guangdong Province vigorously promoted the long-term institutionalized construction of the Shuangdao work for poverty alleviation and development. Focus on advocacy, mobilize the whole society to participate Every year, on different occasions, such as the congress of party representatives, the NPC and the CPPCC, Guangdong provincial government carries out a series of activities to make propagandas on “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation jointly with Nanfang Daily and Guangdong TV, and it has organized CCTV, Xinhua News Agency, People's Daily and other central and provincial major media to report the “Shuangdao” work of Guangdong Province for more than 500 times. Set up “Guangdong Poverty Alleviation Day” and raise social capital Approved by the State Council, Guangdong Province made June 30 the “Guangdong Poverty Alleviation Day” starting from 2010. Taking it as the platform, it gave different themes on the poverty alleviation day in 2010, 2011 and 2012, and raised 3 billion yuan, 3.218 billion yuan and 2.8 billion yuan respectively (a total of more than 9 billion yuan) to promote the Shuangdao work, creating a good atmosphere for the whole society to help the poor.

Introduction :

With a long history of opening up, the Pearl River Delta of Guangdong has a good location and developed economy. In contrast, the eastern, western and northern regions are backward and can be regarded as another world. In 2010, however, Guangdong implemented the “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation, greatly changed the poverty situation in the eastern, western and northern regions, lifted most of the poor households out of poverty, and increased their per capita income from 1000 yuan per year to 10,000 yuan per year. How did they manage it? This paper will describe in detail the implementation process of “Shuangdao” model, the main practices of relevant parties and the basic experience of this mode, and talk about the promotion value and implementation conditions of Shuangdao model. 

Basic information of Qingyuan City

As a prefecture-level city under the jurisdiction of Guangdong Province, located in the central area of Guangdong Province and at the middle and upper reaches of North River, Qingyuan is adjacent to Shaoguan City in the north, Guangzhou in the southeast and south and Foshan City in the south, connects Zhaoqing City in the west, and is the open area of the Pearl River Delta and one of the political, economic and cultural centers in the northern mountain areas as well as the largest prefecture-level city of Guangdong Province. Approved by the State Council on January 7, 1988, Qingyuan City – a prefecture-level city was set up on February 28, 1988, and it has now Qingyuan Downtown (Qingcheng District) and Qingxin District, Fogang County, Yangshan County, Liannan Yao Autonomous County, Lianshan Zhuang and Yao Autonomous County, and is also in charge of the affairs of Yingde City and Liande City. It has a total of two districts, two cities and four counties, covers a total land area of 19,000 square kilometers and has a population of 4.02 million. 

Basic information of Liannan County

With the full name of Liannan Yao Autonomous County, located in the northwest part of Guangdong Province, Liannan County connects Lianzhou City in the northeast and Yangshan county in the southeast, borders on Huaiji County in the south, Lianshan Zhuang and Yao Autonomous County in the west, and Hunan Jianghua Yao Autonomous County in the northwest, and has seven towns (Sanjiang, Zhaigang, Damaishan, Xiangping, Daping, Woshui and Sanpai) and 71 village committees, concentrated with Yao people. The county seat is in Sanjiang Town and is 236 km away from Guangzhou Highroad and 120 km away from Pingshi Railway Station after National Way 107 was put into operation. The place of residence of Yao people accounts for 80% of the county’s total area and Yao villages are scattered everywhere on the high mountains, so Liannan Yao Autonomous County is known as "One Hundred Li Yao Mountain". Yao people live in 88% of the mountain areas of the county, while Han people mainly live in Sanjiang Town, Zhaigang Town and other plain and hilly areas, accounting for 12% of the county area. According to the 2005 census, the county had a total of 156,523 people, of which 80,972 were Yao people, accounting for 50.73%; 1523 were Zhuang people, more than 70,000 were Han people, mainly Hakka, and the remaining were Hui, Man, Li, Yi, Tujia, Buyi and Korean people. 


Content :

5 Existing Problems

5.1 Inadequate risk response, difficult to ensure the sustainability of poverty reduction

During the three years in the village, no matter in the archiving work for the poor or the production problem addressing for the villagers, Wang Qingming always played an important role. As this is probably out of the capacity of the two committees of the village, when he left the village, Wang had to consider how to strengthen the capacity of the two committees of the village to continue the anti-poverty work, increase farmers’ income and prevent them from returning to poverty. It is, I believe, an issue facing most village-stationed cadres, and an issue to be considered by Guangdong Provincial Party Committee and Government.

In addition, the current “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation is mainly the work vigorously promoted by Guangdong Provincial Party Secretary Wang Yang. After Wang Yang left Guangdong, how can we continue the work? How is the work progress? We have no idea. It is another important test for the “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation work of Guangdong how to establish a set of complete long-term mechanisms for poverty alleviation. Currently, after all, “Shuangdao” work is a special “political task”, which can hardly be sustained as political task is for a certain period of time and the top leader will change regularly.

 

Moreover, currently, the assessment focuses on the evaluation of poverty reduction effects, ignores the evaluation of the sustainability of the poverty reduction effects, does not find the potential risks that may affect the sustainability of the poverty reduction effects, and ignores the establishment of a mechanism to respond to risks, which will probably make the households return to poverty again.

5.2 Lack of social resources mobilization, high government finance cost

As of the end of 2012, among the anti-poverty funds for Shuangdao work of Guangdong Province, 493 million yuan was social poverty alleviation funds, accounting for 21.7%; 120 million yuan was financial poverty alleviation funds, accounting for 0.005%, and the remaining was the government’s fiscal funds or self-raised funds. Thus, the funding sources are mainly government funds. As a costal developed province, therefore, Guangdong Province has huge potential of social poverty alleviation resources, and a lot of work needs to be done to mobilize all kinds of social resources for Shuangdao work. We should make positive innovations to the resource mobilization mechanism and fully mobilize all circles of society to get involved in the work. The funding sources of poverty alleviation should shift from fiscal funds to social funds, aiming to create a grand pattern of poverty alleviation integrating special fiscal funds, industrial funds and social funds for poverty reduction.

5.3 Lack of exit mechanism for dynamic management of poverty

The “Shuangdao” poverty alleviation program is a three-year plan. With the support of the government, many poor households have shaken off poverty, and some original poor households are even richer than many non-poor households. Currently, however, there is not a reasonable exit mechanism of poor households, increasing the difficulty in accurate targeting of poverty. In future anti-poverty work, we should pay attention to the dynamic monitoring of poverty situation and make clear the dynamic features of the poor so that the limited poverty reduction resources will be used for the real poor to ensure the fairness of the anti-poverty work and achieve new improvement and innovation of the poverty reduction work. 


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