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“Resettle Poor Population to Eliminate Roots of Poverty”: Relocation-based Poverty Alleviation in China

“Resettle Poor Population to Eliminate Roots of Poverty”: Relocation-based Poverty Alleviation in China

Cover and Title Page Catalogue and Summary Main Body

Title : “Resettle Poor Population to Eliminate Roots of Poverty”: Relocation-based Poverty Alleviation in China

Commencement Date : --Thu Feb 01 2018

Implementing Agencies : China Institute for Poverty Reduction, Beijing Normal University

Support Organizations :

Actuator : Zhang Qi

Members of The : Zhang Qi, Wan Jun

Contact :

CASE PROVIDER :

Name :

Contact :

Sources of Funds :

Catalogue and Index :

Abstract Summary :

“Resettle Poor Population to Eliminate Roots of Poverty”: Relocation-based Poverty Alleviation 4 I. Policy Overview 5 (I) Evolution: from migration to relocation-based poverty alleviation 6 (II) General framework of relocation-based poverty alleviation policy 7 1. Goal: relocating 9.81 million impoverished people over the course of five years 7 2. Target: 9.81 million people trapped in poverty who “can hardly survive in the place where they live” 8 3. Missions: build 220 million m2 of housing facilities, develop the related infrastructure and public service, and ensure the relocation and future development of the 9.81 million relocated people 8 II. Policy Implementation 9 (I) Fund raising and spending 10 1. Fundraising: six channels 11 2. Fund operation mode: double-subject, dual-channel 13 (II) Policy implementation 21 1. Target identification: three-layer identification to ensure accuracy 21 2. Relocation and follow-up support: poverty alleviation through industrial development and employment 23 (III) Safeguard, supervision and accountability systems for policy implementation 26 1. Guarantee mechanism: providing special policy support 26 2. Monitoring mechanism: establishing a strict project supervision system 27 3. Accountability mechanism: releasing special measures for assessing relocation-based poverty alleviation 27 III. Performance Evaluation 28 (I) Poverty reduction benefits: significant income increase of poor households after relocation 28 (II) Sustainable development effects: eliminating poverty through relocation 29 1. Removing most environmental factors of poverty 29 2. Drastically improving infrastructure and public services 29 3. Boosting the endogenous development capability of the poor 29 IV. Experience Promotion and Application Conditions 30 (I) Overall experience 30 1. Sufficient fund is fundamental for promoting relocation-based poverty alleviation 30 2. Clear power division between the central and local governments provides the institutional guarantee for promoting relocation-based poverty alleviation 31 3. Combination of short-term and long-term goals ensures sustainable poverty reduction 32 4. The policy orientation to “satisfying the basic needs” considers fairness and efficiency, avoiding “elite capture” 32 (II) Promotion Conditions 33 1. Proven anti-poverty experience 33 2. Strong financial support from the central and local governments with new sources of financial revenue 33 3. A clear, solid poverty reduction plan and outstanding government executive capability 34 Relocation-based poverty alleviation refers to a mode of poverty elimination that involves the efforts to relocate poverty-stricken population living in underdeveloped areas to other places, and help them shake off poverty and lead a better-off life on a gradual basis by improving the production and living conditions in resettlement areas, adjusting the economic structure and expanding the channels for income growth – in other words, by “resettling poor population to eliminate roots of poverty”. This study has examined the evolution and history of China’s relocation-based poverty alleviation policy, introduced the current policy framework and implementation process, evaluated its performance, and analyzed the general experience and promotion conditions. The study holds that sufficient funds should be the basic condition for promoting the relocation-based poverty alleviation policy; clear division of powers between the central and local governments should be the institutional guarantee; the full combination of short- and long-term goals can ensure the sustainability of poverty reduction; and the policy orientation to “satisfy the basic needs” takes into consideration both equity and efficiency, preventing the phenomenon of “elite capture”. This poverty alleviation model could be extended to countries with rich practical anti-poverty experience, sufficient funds, a clear and solid plan, and outstanding government executive capability.
“Resettle Poor Population to Eliminate Roots of Poverty”: Relocation-based Poverty Alleviation 4 I. Policy Overview 5 (I) Evolution: from migration to relocation-based poverty alleviation 6 (II) General framework of relocation-based poverty alleviation policy 7 1. Goal: relocating 9.81 million impoverished people over the course of five years 7 2. Target: 9.81 million people trapped in poverty who “can hardly survive in the place where they live” 8 3. Missions: build 220 million m2 of housing facilities, develop the related infrastructure and public service, and ensure the relocation and future development of the 9.81 million relocated people 8 II. Policy Implementation 9 (I) Fund raising and spending 10 1. Fundraising: six channels 11 2. Fund operation mode: double-subject, dual-channel 13 (II) Policy implementation 21 1. Target identification: three-layer identification to ensure accuracy 21 2. Relocation and follow-up support: poverty alleviation through industrial development and employment 23 (III) Safeguard, supervision and accountability systems for policy implementation 26 1. Guarantee mechanism: providing special policy support 26 2. Monitoring mechanism: establishing a strict project supervision system 27 3. Accountability mechanism: releasing special measures for assessing relocation-based poverty alleviation 27 III. Performance Evaluation 28 (I) Poverty reduction benefits: significant income increase of poor households after relocation 28 (II) Sustainable development effects: eliminating poverty through relocation 29 1. Removing most environmental factors of poverty 29 2. Drastically improving infrastructure and public services 29 3. Boosting the endogenous development capability of the poor 29 IV. Experience Promotion and Application Conditions 30 (I) Overall experience 30 1. Sufficient fund is fundamental for promoting relocation-based poverty alleviation 30 2. Clear power division between the central and local governments provides the institutional guarantee for promoting relocation-based poverty alleviation 31 3. Combination of short-term and long-term goals ensures sustainable poverty reduction 32 4. The policy orientation to “satisfying the basic needs” considers fairness and efficiency, avoiding “elite capture” 32 (II) Promotion Conditions 33 1. Proven anti-poverty experience 33 2. Strong financial support from the central and local governments with new sources of financial revenue 33 3. A clear, solid poverty reduction plan and outstanding government executive capability 34 Relocation-based poverty alleviation refers to a mode of poverty elimination that involves the efforts to relocate poverty-stricken population living in underdeveloped areas to other places, and help them shake off poverty and lead a better-off life on a gradual basis by improving the production and living conditions in resettlement areas, adjusting the economic structure and expanding the channels for income growth – in other words, by “resettling poor population to eliminate roots of poverty”. This study has examined the evolution and history of China’s relocation-based poverty alleviation policy, introduced the current policy framework and implementation process, evaluated its performance, and analyzed the general experience and promotion conditions. The study holds that sufficient funds should be the basic condition for promoting the relocation-based poverty alleviation policy; clear division of powers between the central and local governments should be the institutional guarantee; the full combination of short- and long-term goals can ensure the sustainability of poverty reduction; and the policy orientation to “satisfy the basic needs” takes into consideration both equity and efficiency, preventing the phenomenon of “elite capture”. This poverty alleviation model could be extended to countries with rich practical anti-poverty experience, sufficient funds, a clear and solid plan, and outstanding government executive capability.